information

Practicing Factfulness

Practicing Factfulness

"Stories about gradual improvements rarely make the front page even when they occur on a dramatic scale and affect millions of people. And thanks to increasing press freedom and improving technology, we hear about more disasters than ever before. This improved reporting is itself a sign of human progress, but it creates the impression of the exact opposite." 

~ Hans Rosling

Maybe This Brain Can Be Reset

Maybe This Brain Can Be Reset

"I do know enough as a psychologist about learning and memory. And I know that we learn. How much of this I need to do in order to change, I cannot say. But I can say that there is a point at which this brain is not just elastic in moving to what is being suggested, but that it may be plastic in that it can be reset into a new mold."

~ Mahzarin Banaji

The Most Powerful Integrators of Information

"Because the data volumes that we get from space now are astronomical, the only way that we can really handle this anymore is to visualize it. And no matter what computers we may build, the human mind and the human eye [are] still the most powerful integrators of information."

~ Gene Feldman, Oceanographer at NASA/Goddard Space Flight Center, from "Creating Earth," Science Friday, Feb. 3, 2012

The Quality of What We Choose to Absorb

Excerpt from The Accidental Creative by Todd Henry:

With the ever-increasing deluge of information we all face, the task for each of us is to discern which inputs are relevant to our work and which are simply noise. We face tremendous pressure to keep up and the vast majority of creatives I work with say they are constantly on the verge of information overload.

But it's not just the sheer amount of information that's the problem; if it were that simple, we could just shut it off. The real challenge is that some of this onslaught of information is necessary for us to perform our jobs, whether it's e-mail, blogs, trend reports, or industry news. We must somehow engage with the information that enters our daily lives, process it, and turn it into something meaningful.

Bryn Mooth, editor of the design magazine HOW, told me in an interview that  she compares this struggle with a food processor.

"A food processor has a small intake, and a huge work bowl," she says. "All of the food has to get through the processor, but there's only so much capacity at any given time. This is similar to how we must deal with the overload of new information we experience every day. We simply don't have the capacity to process all of the information in a timely way with our limited mental resources." She continued that she frequently advises creatives to closely monitor the quality of what they choose to absorb because it is so closely tied to their creative process.

While our minds are unparalleled in their capacity to experience and assimilate information, they also have a limited bandwidth for doing so. As a matter of survival, they tend to weed out information that is deemed irrelevant to our immediate needs. However, our minds are also capable of taking random bits of input and forging brilliant connections that are not apparent on the surface. This is essentially how the creative process works -- it's the connection of multiple preexisting patterns into new solutions. One pathway to creating more effectively and consistently is to be strategic about our inputs.

I call the information and experiences we absorb "stimuli" because these are the raw materials that stimulate thought. Each creative idea is the combination of previously existing ideas, or bits of stimuli, into something new. The stimuli we experience can stretch us to think differently, to open our eyes to new ways of seeing the world. But many creatives don't give much thought to what they allow into their minds. E-mails, reports, web videos, TV, magazines, and more flood their life with no one keeping watch of the gate. Over time this can result in an overall lack of focus or a general numbness to potential inspiration. Discerning what is useful and what isn't in a world without filters on our stimuli becomes a difficult task. After all, a drowning man isn't thinking about what he wants for dinner, he just wants a life preserver! In the same way, when we lack structure around the types of stimuli we experience, we lack the space and focus we need to apply our experiences to the work we're engaged in.

There is an old saying about health and nutritition, that "you are what you eat." This means that the kinds of food you put into your body will ultimately affect your physical being and your mobility and interaction with the world. If you regularly consume junk food rather than healthy and nutritious, you can occasionally snack on junk food with little concern. It's all about choice and following healthy principles with regard to diet.

The same principle applies to cultivating a healthy diet of stimuli in your life. Because so much of the information you must process in a given day is determined by the nature of your work, you need to to be purposeful about including self-directed, thought-provoking, and capacity-increasing stimuli into your life on a consistent basis. Whether it's in the form of print media, movies, web videos, conversations, advertisements, or anything else that is delivering a message you must process and assimilate, the stimuli you take in over the course of your day informs the quality of the insights you generate. Just like food increases your capacity to be active and healthy, the higher the quality of your stimuli, the better you are setting yourself up for high-level breakthroughs.

What are the characteristics that mark higher quality stimuli?

  • It's challenging.
  • It's relevant.
  • It's diverse.

Digesting Technology

"It's an onslaught of information coming in today. At one time a screen meant maybe something in your living room. But now it's something in your pocket so it goes everywhere — it can be behind the wheel, it can be at the dinner table, it can be in the bathroom. We see it everywhere today."

brussels_sprouts“Just as food nourishes us and we need it for life, so too — in the 21st century and the modern age — we need technology. You cannot survive without the communication tools; the productivity tools are essential. And yet, food has pros and cons to it. We  know that some food is Twinkies and some food is Brussels sprouts. And we know that if we overeat, it causes problems. Similarly, after 20 years of twinkiesglorifying technology as if all computers were good and all use of it was good, science is beginning to embrace the idea that some technology is Twinkies and some technology is Brussels sprouts. And if we consume too much technology, just like we consume too much food, it can have ill effects. That is the moment we find ourselves in with this series, with the way we’re digesting, if you will, technology all over the place today."

~ Matt Richtel, from “Digital Overload: Your Brain On Gadgets,” in discussion with Terry Gross, Fresh Air, August 24, 2010

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